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Year: 2014
Brazil’s burgeoning civil space program is largely executed by the Agência Especial Brasileira (AEB), whose 2014 budget was ## million reais (US$## million). The Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI) also has a space budget, which in 2014 was ## million reais (US$##...
Year: 2016
When overhead space assets show the impacts of mining on the environment.
Year: 2012
Astronomers are laying the groundwork for a new generation of extraordinarily large observatories. The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) Telescope will be the world’s largest and most sensitive radio telescope ever built. The SKA takes its name from the combined size of the collecting area of the...
Topic: ISS
Year: 2007
The largest in-space platform ever constructed is the International Space Station (ISS). The development of the ISS, led by the United States, “draws upon the scientific and technological resources of 16 nations: the United States, Canada, Japan, Russia, 11 nations of the European Space Agency,...
Year: 2008
Country: Brazil, Ukraine
Run by the Brazilian Air Force, the Alcântara Launch Center is located on the northern coast of Brazil. The first launch of a sounding rocket from the facility took place in 1990. While no orbital flights have been conducted from Alcântara, Brazil signed an agreement with Ukraine to use...
Year: 2011
Country: Brazil, Ukraine
After several years of low activity, Brazil pledged in late 2011 to more than double its space budget for the years 2012-2015 with the aim of revitalizing the facilities at its Alcântara spaceport located on the northern coast of the country. Following a launch pad explosion in 2003 that killed 21...
Year: 2013
Country: Brazil, Ukraine
In 2003, Brazil made an agreement with the government of Ukraine to bring a modernized version of the Soviet-era Cyclone rocket to its Alcântara Launch Center. This would couple the proven reliability of the Ukrainian launch vehicle with the advantageous equatorial location of Alcântara to offer...
Year: 2008
The trend of globalization in space activity continues, with nations entering into agreements to use each other’s infrastructure and space assets. Two decades ago only the United States, the Soviet Union, Europe, and China regularly launched and deployed satellites and other missions to space....
Year: 2011
The outlook for space activity is largely positive, in spite of the challenges facing many of the governments and agencies most active in space. In many ways, 2011 was a pivotal year as governments re-evaluated their human spaceflight plans and examined their portfolio of space activities in light...
Year: 2012
The 2012 revenue for the satellite communications sector is estimated at $## billion, #% higher than the 2011 figure of $## billion. The market is composed of satellite operators, which lease out the transmission capacity of their satellites to private and government clients in need of transmission...
Year: 2012
Revenues from DTH television services comprised ##% of the commercial space products and services sector, and grew from $## billion in 2011 to $## billion in 2012. North American DTH providers DIRECTV and DISH Network continue to be the largest suppliers, with combined revenues of $## billion for...
Year: 2013
Estimated 2013 revenue for the satellite communications segment reached $## billion, #% higher than the $## billion identified in 2012. The market is composed of satellite operators, which own satellites and lease the transmission capacity of these satellites to private and government clients in...
Year: 2014
DTH television continues to be the biggest single revenue contributor in the commercial space products and services market, providing ##% of the market’s revenues in 2014, estimated at $## billion. Two U.S. DTH providers, DIRECTV and DISH Network, earned ##% of 2014’s total estimated DTH...
Year: 2008
Country: Brazil, China
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2009 Federal Budget allocated ## million reais (US$## million) to the Brazilian Space Agency (AEB), a slight increase over the previous year. The AEB is complemented by three smaller space research institutes; the National Institute for Space Research, the...
Year: 2009
Russian space spending increased dramatically in 2009. The planned budget for Roscosmos, the Russian Federal Space Agency, was more than ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This amount constitutes an increase of ##% from the previous year’s budget of ## billion rubles and represents approximately...
Year: 2009
The Chinese civil space budget is not published, and estimates of spending vary widely. In 2005, the vice administrator of the China National Space Administration (CNSA) stated that the Chinese space budget was US$## million. However, many analysts contend that annual Chinese civil space spending...
Year: 2009
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2010 Federal Budget authorizes ## million Brazilian reals (US$## million) for activities associated with the National Program of Space Activities, a small increase from the previous year. This authorization includes ## million reals (US$## million) for the...
Year: 2010
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2011 Federal Budget authorizes ## million reais (US$## million) for activities associated with the National Program of Space Activities (PNAE), a decrease of ##% from the authorization for the previous year. This authorization includes ## million reais (US$##...
Year: 2011
Country: Brazil, China, Ukraine
The National Congress of Brazil’s 2012 Federal Budget authorized ## million reais (US$## million) in funding for civil space activities in two civil government agencies. This represents an increase of ##% from the authorization for the previous year.
Year: 2012
Country: Brazil
Brazil’s 2012 Federal Budget authorizes ## million reais (US$## million) in funding for civil space activities. This represents an increase of ##% from the implemented budget for civil space activities in 2011. The Brazilian space agency, Agência Espacial Brasileira (AEB), received an authorized...

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