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This interactive exhibit shows the world's active spaceports for the year.
Country: China, United States
The ISS and other space stations occasionally deploy small satellites from various launchers, or even by hand. This log monitors the number and type of small satellite deployed from the space stations each year.
Year: 2014
Note: The exhibit in this section is from The Space Report 2015. Please refer to this year's exhibits for the most current data as numbers may have been revised since this edition was published.
Topic: Launch
Year: 2014
Country: China, United States
Launch vehicles vary in size, configuration, and capability. One primary distinction lies in the capability of a launcher to insert an object in an orbital or suborbital trajectory. Suborbital vehicles carry their payloads outside of Earth’s atmosphere, but they do not accelerate to the...
Year: 2015
Country: China
China’s orbital space launch activities are conducted through three spaceports: Xichang, Jiuquan, and Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centers. Nearly ##% of the country’s 2015 space launches originated from Xichang. A fourth launch site, Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, was completed in October 2014...
Topic: Spaceports
Year: 2014
Space launch vehicles and their payloads are prepared and subsequently launched or deployed from facilities called spaceports. The scale of spaceports varies widely, whether measuring the area they cover or the activities they host.
Year: 2015
The inherent security requirements of military operations make it very difficult to pinpoint the exact number and nature of reconnaissance satellites launched by nations. The space-based inventory of a nation’s intelligence collection can run through many different disciplines from imagery...
Year: 2015
The number of surface imaging satellites launched continued to grow in 2015. The sub-category dominated the greater category of Earth observation and remote sensing satellites launched in 2015, taking a nearly ##% share. The majority of surface imaging satellites literally provide a picture of...
Year: 2015
Country: China
In 2014, China had paused in its BeiDou PNT satellite launch activities with its BeiDou satellites making up ##% of the global PNT satellite fleets. There were ## BeiDou satellites orbiting the Earth in medium or inclined geosynchronous Earth orbits providing regional PNT service to China during...
Year: 2014
The military and commercial value of positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) systems has gained such prominence that PNT systems are often considered to be critical infrastructure. The proliferation of smartphones and other consumer devices that rely on PNT services has spread this dependence...
Year: 2014
While satellites are essentially a platform upon which useful equipment can be mounted, space stations are a fundamentally different kind of asset. Space stations have been envisioned as permanent or semi-permanent bases where astronauts could take advantage of the microgravity and vacuum...
Year: 2015
Country: China
China’s most recent human mission to space was in June 2013, when three taikonauts docked a capsule with the Tiangong-1 space station. Since then, China has announced plans to launch a second space station, Tiangong-2, to replace Tiangong-1. The Chinese government continued assembling and testing...
Year: 2014
It is relatively simple to place a satellite into orbit when compared with launching humans to space. Humans have more complex needs, such as breathable air, food, staying warm, staying cool, and protection from the space environment. Humans must also be able to return safely to Earth from their...
Year: 2014
The structure and organization of the Chinese space program is not transparent. This makes it difficult to obtain credible data on the Chinese national space enterprise, including budget and organization. Officially, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) sets overall guidance and policy...
Year: 2015
Attempted orbital launches decreased from ## in 2014 to ## in 2015.  Of these ## launches, ## successfully reached orbit. There were ## launch attempts for commercial payloads and the other ## were for government payloads. Eurospace, the European space industry association, estimates that the...
Year: 2015
Country: China
China’s share of the global orbital launch market in 2015 nearly matched that of the United States. China accounted for slightly more than ##% of the global orbital launch market. China’s SLV launch rate of ## for 2015 helped the country maintain its position in the global launch industry from...
Year: 2012
Considering the number of doctoral degrees earned in science and engineering, the European Union has the greatest proportion, followed by China and the United States. As with first university degrees, China has been rapidly increasing the number of doctoral science and engineering degrees granted...
Year: 2012
Note: This exhibit is from The Space Report 2013. Please refer to this year's exhibits for the most current data as numbers may have been revised since this edition was published.
Year: 2012
Country: Canada, China
While space has many practical applications that are already making real differences in people’s daily lives, many more research activities are still in the early stages of development. Depending on their maturity and complexity, the practical uses of these research avenues are not always well...

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