Skip to menu Skip to content
 

Russia

Featured Resources

Other Resources for this Country

Year: 2016
Country: Russia
Russia abdicated its customary position as the world’s leader in the number of launches during 2016, coming in ## after the United States and China. The nation launched only ## space launch vehicles (SLVs), but still managed to hold ##% of the global launch market.
This interactive exhibit shows the world's active spaceports for the year.
Year: 2014
Note: The exhibit in this section is from The Space Report 2015. Please refer to this year's exhibits for the most current data as numbers may have been revised since this edition was published.
Year: 2014
Country: Canada, Russia
Most countries do not publicly release regular reports on the size of their space workforce, making analysis of trends over time difficult or impossible. However, point assessments of the size or activities within these space nations still provide useful insight into the health of the global space...
Year: 2015
Country: Kazakhstan, Russia
There are three active or planned orbital space launch sites in Russia: Dombarovskiy, Plesetsk, and Vostochny. But in 2015, the site the Russians launched ##% of their space launch vehicles was from Baikonur Cosmodrome, located in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Of the ## Russian launches conducted, ##...
Topic: Spaceports
Year: 2014
Space launch vehicles and their payloads are prepared and subsequently launched or deployed from facilities called spaceports. The scale of spaceports varies widely, whether measuring the area they cover or the activities they host.
Year: 2015
Country: Russia
Russian SSA efforts are operated by the military, as is the case in the United States. Russia’s Space Control Center (TSKKP) falls within the Defense Ministry’s Main Space Intelligence Center. The focus of the TSKKP is to find, track, and identify objects orbiting the Earth. This allows the...
Year: 2014
Country: Russia, United States
As the space around Earth becomes increasingly crowded with satellites and debris, preventing further collisions is essential. Space Situational Awareness (SSA) systems are designed to locate and track objects in Earth’s orbit and predict potential collisions. Even very small objects moving at...
Year: 2015
Country: Russia
Near the beginning of 2015, Russia’s Oko early warning missile detection satellite system was non-functional. The country remained without space-based missile detection capability until late 2015, when Russia’s military launched the first satellite of its next-generation early warning satellite...
Year: 2015
The inherent security requirements of military operations make it very difficult to pinpoint the exact number and nature of reconnaissance satellites launched by nations. The space-based inventory of a nation’s intelligence collection can run through many different disciplines from imagery...
Year: 2015
Country: Russia
As of December 2015, Russia’s Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), comprised ##% of the operational global PNT constellations. Like the U.S. GPS milestone, 2015 marked the 20th anniversary of Russia’s deployment of GLONASS. The initial full deployment of ## GLONASS satellites occurred...
Year: 2014
The military and commercial value of positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) systems has gained such prominence that PNT systems are often considered to be critical infrastructure. The proliferation of smartphones and other consumer devices that rely on PNT services has spread this dependence...
Topic: ISS
Year: 2015
In 2015, the ISS was the only inhabited space station orbiting the Earth. By July 2015, an international cadre of 220 men and women had temporarily lived aboard the ISS as builders, scientists, and explorers since people first entered the station in November 2000. The crew aboard the ISS continued...
Year: 2014
While satellites are essentially a platform upon which useful equipment can be mounted, space stations are a fundamentally different kind of asset. Space stations have been envisioned as permanent or semi-permanent bases where astronauts could take advantage of the microgravity and vacuum...
Year: 2015
Country: Russia
In 2015, Russia continued to be the only nation flying humans into space since June 2013. The Russian Soyuz capsule was conceived, designed, and first launched nearly five decades prior to 2015. The Soyuz space launch vehicle that boosted the Soyuz capsule into space has an even longer heritage....
Year: 2015
Country: Russia, United States
Nearly five years have passed since the United States stepped back from launching humans with its own space vehicles, the last of which flew in July 2011. The country conducts human operations in space on the ISS, contracting the launch of U.S. astronauts through the Russian Federal Space Agency,...
Year: 2014
It is relatively simple to place a satellite into orbit when compared with launching humans to space. Humans have more complex needs, such as breathable air, food, staying warm, staying cool, and protection from the space environment. Humans must also be able to return safely to Earth from their...
Year: 2014
Country: India, Russia, Spain, Ukraine
In 2014, Russia’s space agency Roscosmos received a budget of approximately ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This is a ##% increase from the 2013 budget of ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This was the last budget to be assigned to Roscosmos prior to a reorganization of Russian space...
Year: 2014
The structure and organization of the Chinese space program is not transparent. This makes it difficult to obtain credible data on the Chinese national space enterprise, including budget and organization. Officially, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) sets overall guidance and policy...
Year: 2014
More than ## billion smartphones incorporated location-based services (LBS) and applications in 2014, making these devices the most popular positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) tools on the market. A recent market assessment provided by the European GNSS Agency (GSA) noted that the...

Advanced Search