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U.S. Research and Development Funding

Year: 2015
Country: United States
Independent Research and Development (IR&D) refers to a contractor’s own investment in research and development studies into promising technologies of potential interest to government or commercial customers. Companies can recover a portion of these costs as overhead on current government...
Year: 2014
Country: United States
In a different category of support for space infrastructure, the U.S. government provides funding for the development of materials, equipment, and software through Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation (RDT&E) budgets appropriated for each military service (Army, Navy, and Air Force) and...
Year: 2012
Country: United States
Independent research and development (IR&D), another infrastructure support industry, covers research and development activities initiated and funded by defense contractors independent of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Space-related IR&D is estimated by applying the percentage of...
Year: 2011
Country: United States
Independent research and development (IR&D) is initiated and conducted by defense contractors independent of Department of Defense (DoD) control. Space IR&D is estimated by applying the ratio between DoD space R&D and total DoD R&D to the total DoD IR&D estimate developed by the...
Year: 2010
Country: United States
Total independent research and development (IR&D) expenditures in support of space activity were estimated at $## million for 2010. IR&D is research and development (R&D) initiated and conducted by defense contractors independent of Department of Defense (DoD) control. Space IR&D is...
Year: 2009
Country: United States
Total independent research and development (IR&D) expenditures in support of space activity were estimated at $## million for 2009. IR&D is research and development (R&D) initiated and conducted by defense contractors independent of Department of Defense (DoD) control and without direct...
Year: 2008
Country: United States
Also in support of space activity, total independent research and development (IR&D) expenditures came in at an estimated $## million for 2007, the latest annual data available from the Defense Contract Audit Agency. IR&D expenditures include private enterprise research and development...
Year: 2007
Country: United States
Total independent research and development (IR&D) expenditures are estimated at $## million for 2006, the latest year data was available from the Defense Contract Audit Agency. IR&D expenditures are private enterprise research and development costs incurred while working on government...
Year: 2005
Country: United States
Independent Research and Development (IR&D) costs are estimated at $## billion, half of which was retroactively funded by the DoD. Assuming that the proportion of aerospace IR&D to space IR&D is the same as the proportion of aerospace research, development, test, and evaluation...

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