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European PNT Satellites (Galileo)

Year: 2015
The European Union’s space-based PNT efforts began in 2005, making 2015 the tenth anniversary for its PNT efforts. Galileo, the European PNT satellite system, is scheduled to be complete by 2020. For 2014, Europe owned ##% of the total global operational PNT satellites in orbit that. During 2014,...
Year: 2014
The European Union’s Galileo constellation was scheduled to be operational in 2014, with ## satellites in use by the end of the year. Those plans had to be delayed when ## key Galileo satellites, Sat 5 and 6, were launched and then inserted into the wrong orbit in August 2014. Initially thought...
Year: 2013
A joint initiative between the European Commission (EC) and ESA, the Galileo constellation will consist of ## operational satellites in MEO. Europe launched ## in-orbit validation (IOV) spacecraft between 2011 and 2012 for positioning tests and technology validation. In November 2013, the IOV...
Year: 2012
Europe also has made strides in developing its PNT system, Galileo. A joint initiative between the European Commission (EC) and ESA, the Galileo constellation will consist of ## operational satellites and ## in-orbit spares flying in MEO. The initial Galileo constellation is expected to be in place...
Year: 2011
The European Union (EU) is developing a PNT system called Galileo. The Galileo constellation will consist of ## operational satellites and three in-orbit spares. In October 2011, the first ## Galileo in-orbit validation (IOV) satellites were launched, and ## more IOV spacecraft were scheduled to...
Year: 2010
The European PNT system, a ##-satellite constellation called Galileo, is under development by the European Union. In January 2010, the first contracts for satellite construction were awarded, and the first launches are planned for 2012, leading to a partial operational capability by 2015. The EU...
Year: 2009
The European Union continues to develop its planned ##-satellite Galileo constellation, although budgetary and technical issues have caused the program to progress at a slower pace and higher cost than anticipated. An initial operational constellation of ## satellites is expected by 2013, with...
Year: 2008
The European Union continues to develop the ##-satellite Galileo constellation, expected to be launched in 2010. Funding has been approved for the project, and in April 2008 the second GIOVE (Galileo In-Orbit Validation Element) test satellite was launched.  
Year: 2007
Galileo, Europe’s proposed ##-satellite navigation constellation, reached a key funding agreement in 2007 when the European Council agreed to fund the project entirely though the European Union community budget. The hoped-for significant private-sector participation did not materialize. With...
Year: 2005
Europe launched the first test satellite in the Galileo system in December 2005. 

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