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Russian PNT Satellites (GLONASS)

Year: 2015
Country: Russia
As of December 2015, Russia’s Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), comprised ##% of the operational global PNT constellations. Like the U.S. GPS milestone, 2015 marked the 20th anniversary of Russia’s deployment of GLONASS. The initial full deployment of ## GLONASS satellites occurred...
Year: 2014
Russia launched ## GLONASS satellites in 2014, maintaining a constellation of ## operational satellites. Russia also faced some challenges with GLONASS during 2014. On April 1, GLONASS satellites transmitted messages that reported the satellites’ positions with an error of around 200 kilometers...
Year: 2013
Country: Russia
The second global PNT system to become operational was Russia’s GLONASS constellation, which was started by the Soviet Union in 1976, and was briefly operational in 1996 after the deployment of its ## satellite. However, during the Russian financial crisis of the 1990s, program funding...
Year: 2012
Country: Russia
After a 15-year hiatus, Russia’s GLONASS PNT system returned to fully operational status in 2011, re-establishing full global coverage. The GLONASS constellation was started by the Soviet Union in 1982 and was briefly operational in 1996 after its ## satellite was deployed. However, due in part...
Year: 2011
Country: China, Russia
A launch in October 2011 raised the number of operational satellites in Russia’s GLONASS system to ##, enabling full global coverage for the first time since the 1990s. GLONASS was designed to serve both military and civilian populations. The original Soviet system began deployment with the 1982...
Year: 2010
Other nations are developing alternatives to GPS to stimulate innovation and provide new business opportunities. Russia’s GLONASS, like GPS, is designed for both military and civilian use. However, due in part to Russia’s economic collapse in the 1990s, the Soviet-era network fell into...
Year: 2009
Country: Russia, United States
Russia’s GLONASS, like the U.S. system, is designed for both military and civilian use. In 2009, ## satellites were launched to expand the constellation to ## active satellites, although ## older satellites were in the process of being decommissioned and ## was offline for maintenance. ##...
Year: 2008
Country: Russia, United States
The Global Navigation Satellite System, or GLONASS, is the Russian equivalent of the U.S. GPS and is designed for both military and civilian use. The network became operational in 1995, but declined during Russia’s economic downturn and is in the process of being reconstituted. In 2008, the...
Year: 2007
Country: Russia
Russia has recently committed to upgrading its Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) to full operational capacity of ## operational satellites by late 2009. The GLONASS system, once set to rival the U.S. GPS system, saw its number of operational satellites fall from ## in 1995 to seven in...

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