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2005

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Small Terminals Connecting Hospitals

Country: India, Venezuela
VSAT (very small aperture terminal) networks can be used by governments for coordinating electronic voting and telemedicine. Venezuela recently used the Gilat VSAT network in its 2004 elections. Across the globe in India, satellites enable a telemedicine network that connects rural hospitals with...

The Promise of Space-enabled Telemedicine

Country: India, United States
Space enables a variety of health and biotechnology applications including telemedicine, tracking of disease and allergy vectors, and biotechnology research.The OECD notes that telemedicine is one of the most promising applications of space telecommunication services. Trends of increased mobility...

Medical Research in a Microgravity Environment

Greater biotechnology research and manufacturing is among the far-term prospects (20-30 years) for space enterprise, given more affordable access and orbital platforms. However, there are several current applications of biotechnology to space science and exploration, including research efforts in...

Closely Monitoring Diseases from Far Away

Country: United States
The use of satellite monitoring for infectious diseases supports the recent increase in funding and support for environmental diseases by organizations such as the UN Global Fund, the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.On a larger scale,...

Satellite Communication Backup for Emergency Care

Country: United States
Many hospitals use satellite communication networks as back-up in case terrestrial line service is interrupted or in case of problems with the power grid. For instance, 32 acute care hospitals in Connecticut use a system dubbed MedSat for such cases. This system was installed by Liberty...

From the Outside Looking In: Earth Observation

Country: United States
In 2005, NOAA requested $360 million for scientific research to provide funding for internal research laboratories and partnerships with academia. In addition to gathering data through Earth observation satellites, NOAA research projects use space systems for communication and navigation such...

Lunar and Interplanetary Exploration

More than 170 missions carrying scientific instruments, in the form of probes and rovers, have been launched into the solar system to study planets, comets, asteroids, and other phenomena. These instruments return valuable scientific data on the history and nature of the solar system....

Oh, the Learning You Shall Learn (through Space Telescopes)

Country: United States
Telescopes placed in space have greater capabilities than those located on the ground. Light received by telescopes in Earth orbit does not travel through the atmosphere (which causes the characteristic “twinkle” in stars). Orbital telescopes are protected from vibrations and weather. The...

Cheaper Launch Options for Science?

Country: United States
Low cost launchers, like SpaceX’s Falcon family, could have a significant impact on scientific missions, which typically rely on scarce public funds. Payloads from universities and research labs often “piggy back” on the launch of commercial satellites. Currently, the Falcon is scheduled to...

The Tangible Benefits of Space Research Realized

Space-based platforms provide unique opportunities for microgravity research and international scientific cooperation. The ISS, the space shuttles, Skylab, Russia’s Mir Space Station and Soyuz, and the Chinese Shenzhou have enabled microgravity research in fields such as protein crystals, tissue...