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2007

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2007 - The Space Industry Workforce: The Methodology

Topic: Methodology
Country: United States
This year, for the first time, The Space Report provides objective and comparable baseline labor market statistics on those core industry sectors that comprise the U.S. space industry. The analysis is based on data from 2006, the most recent information available at the time of writing. To provide...

2007 - Perspective

Topic: Perspective
Country:
Space has been transformed from an entirely government dominated research and development (R&D) program to an industry whose revenues from commercial goods and services are more than one-half of its business, as is illustrated in Exhibit 5d. This transformation that started with the advent of...

Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Testing in the ISS

Country: United States
Commercial space-based biotechnology and pharmaceuticals manufacturing is in a very early developmental phase. A U.S. based corporation, SPACEHAB, announced plans to pursue manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and materials on the ISS. SPACEHAB’s Chairman, Thomas Pickens, is looking for outside...

Eye-tracker for Surgeons

Country: United States
University of Pittsburgh researchers have found another solution to the problem of limited bandwidth in telemedicine. A device that tracks the focal point of a surgeon’s eyes has enabled the team to isolate the area of interest in an image. Images of this area can then be transmitted with...

Sending Sonograms Through Space

Country: United States
New technologies for decreasing the bandwidth requirements for telemedicine were developed in 2007. More bandwidth, or more efficient use of available bandwidth capacity, opens more types of medical care to telemedicine applications. In 2007, NASA and Salinas Valley Memorial Healthcare System...

How Bad is Pollution in China?

ESA satellites have been used to monitor air pollution levels in a number of studies, including the measurement of gaseous pollutants in India, and nitrogen dioxide emissions during a traffic restriction event in Beijing, China.

Space Sensors Measure Aerosol Concentrations

Country: United States
In 2007, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health tested the ability of satellite sensors to measure ground-level aerosol concentrations. Aerosols include the smallest debris resulting from burning fossil fuels. These small particles can be the most dangerous to public health because they...

Helping the Blind Get Around

A prototype project in Europe uses GPS signals to guide visually impaired individuals to their destinations. Tested in Madrid, this European Space Agency (ESA) project — developed in partnership with the Spanish firm GMV Sistemas and the Spanish National Organization of the Blind — uses a...

Deep Space Probes from the Far East

Country: China, Japan
In 2007, a number of robotic probes and planetary landers were launched as several nations developed their space exploration programs. Among these launches were the first lunar orbiters from Japan and China. Japan’s KAGUYA lunar orbiter, also called the Selenological and Engineering Explorer...

Phoenix Rises Above Mars

Country: United States
The first mission intended to “touch and examine water on Mars,” was launched by NASA in August of 2007. The Martian probe Phoenix was scheduled to land in May 2008 near the Martian North Pole. From this location, the Phoenix mission involves direct observation of the water cycle, assessing the...