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2009

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2009 - Perspective

Topic: Perspective
Country:
Connections between people are the foundation of society. Whether by telephone, internet, or face-to-face conversation, people have an innate desire to communicate with friends, family, colleagues, and contacts near or far. Corporations stake their credibility and competitiveness on how well they...

Predicting Disease Outbreaks with Earth Observation Data

Country: Kenya, United States
Data from spacecraft enables research teams from the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Global Emerging Infections System and NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center to monitor and predict disease outbreaks for Rift Valley fever epidemics in East Africa. Warm sea temperatures lead to increased rainfall...

Wild 2 Amino Acid Discovery

Country: United States
Since the 2006 return of NASA’s Stardust spacecraft, scientists have been analyzing captured samples of the comet Wild 2. NASA researchers found that the samples contained a fundamental building block of life—the amino acid glycine—marking the first time an amino acid was found in a comet....

Rad to the Bone: Exploring Radiation Effects on Human Bones

Country: United States
Research conducted to support astronauts living and working in space may lead to medical treatments to stop bone loss in cancer treatment patients. Microgravity is well known to cause bone loss in astronauts, but recent research shows that elevated radiation levels typical in the space environment...

Fighting Ticks and Disease One Image at a Time

Country: United States
College students participating in a NASA internship program are learning to use data from spacecraft to identify habitats of ticks carrying Lyme disease within Alabama and to raise public awareness of the disease. Initially the students determined that Lyme disease bacteria were present in ticks in...

Witnessing Salmonella Migration Into the Bloodstream

Country: United States
The space environment can also be useful for developing medical vaccines. Aboard the Space Shuttle, NASA astronauts conducted research on the effects of spaceflight on salmonella cells. The weightless environment of spaceflight causes the salmonella cells to function as though they are crossing...

Hydrophobic Coatings Inspired by Lotus

Country: United States
Biotechnology breakthroughs are occurring as engineers find inspiration from the lotus plant to develop materials that can overcome the challenging space environment. Studies of lotus plants and their ability to shed water and dirt are inspiring a NASA team to develop a similar capability for use...

Tracking Pirates from Space

Space services are proving their utility in fighting international crime. In January 2009 the U.S. commercial remote sensing firm GeoEye reported that its IKONOS satellite had located and taken high-resolution pictures of the oil supertanker MV Sirius Star in the Indian Ocean after the ship...

Key-turn Satellite Helps India Fight Terrorism

Country: India, Israel, Pakistan
National governments employ satellite-based remote sensing technology to improve their ability to monitor and maintain security of national borders. In the wake of the November 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai, the Indian government accelerated plans for a reconnaissance satellite focused on...

Tactical Communication Advantage with Low Earth Orbiting Satellites

Tactical communications supported by satellites are becoming increasingly important to mobile military units during operations. In June 2009, the U.S. Naval Surface Warfare Center awarded Iridium a contract to develop a next-generation communications system for a joint U.S. military network...