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2011

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2011 - Perspective

Topic: Perspective
Country:
For half a century, human beings have been traveling to and from Earth’s orbit. Since the April 12, 1961 flight of Yuri Gagarin, 523 spacefarers from 34 countries have flown in space. The applications and services generated by space activities have become an integral aspect of life on Earth. They...

Disinfecting Hospitals with Space Plasma

Country: Germany
Since 2001, researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics have been studying plasma, which is electrically charged gas. Based on this research, these scientists are now developing a new way for hospitals to keep patients safe from infections. The new system would make use of...

Cheaper Experiment Launches?

Country: United States
Suborbital spaceflight companies are hoping to provide future researchers with a quicker, cheaper method of carrying out research in space, even if only for a few minutes at a time. Given the unique conditions experienced on these flights, companies expect that scientists will use this...

Measuring Gravity With Gravity Probe B

Country: United States
Our understanding of the Universe relies on scientific theories, and it is important that these theories be tested using available methods. In May 2011, scientists working on the Gravity Probe B project announced that a set of orbiting gyroscopes had reaffirmed Albert Einstein’s theory of general...

Imagery Helps Keep Track of Diseased Rodents

Country: United States
Another experiment used satellites to track disease-carrying mice on the Earth and showed that this method could provide early warning of outbreaks of the dangerous Hantavirus, a disease that kills about 42% of those infected. In the United States, Hantavirus is most prevalent in Arizona,...

Antibodies Helping Bones

Country: United States
The world’s largest biotechnology company, Amgen, launched 30 mice on NASA’s final shuttle mission in July 2011 to test an antibody that could help prevent bone loss. The lack of gravity during space flight causes loss of bone mass in humans, and scientists are hoping that these experiments...

Satellite and SEAL Teamwork Gets The Bad Guy

Surveillance satellites are used on a daily basis for military planning and intelligence. The military operation against Osama Bin Laden in 2011 is a prime example of how these space assets are used. After the CIA and U.S. military determined the potential location of Osama Bin Laden’s compound...

Infrared Satellite News, High and Low

Country: United States
The satellite component of the U.S. Missile Defense program made great strides in 2011. The Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS), launched in 2009, completed its last test focus area required by the Missile Defense Agency in April 2011, five months ahead of schedule. The system is made up...

Ship Tracking Satellites To Be Launched

Country: Canada, United States
Satellite-based ship monitoring is expected to develop as a large new business in 2012, providing global coastal authorities with information about ships farther out at sea, beyond the reach of coastal radar systems. The International Maritime Organization mandates that ships weighing more than 300...

Tracking With GPS Needs A Warrant

Country: United States
Though GPS tracking can be an effective way of following suspected criminals, its use by police is now more restricted. In January 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that police erred in not obtaining a warrant before attaching a tracking device to a suspect’s car. During the...