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2012

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2012 - U.S. Suborbital

Country: United States
A new aspect of space infrastructure is the development of suborbital reusable launch vehicles (RLVs). Unlike sounding rockets, these vehicles are designed to land intact and be flown again. Stimulated by the $10 million Ansari X PRIZE, won in 2004 by Scaled Composites’ SpaceShipOne vehicle,...

2012 - Perspective

Topic: Perspective
Country:
Space activities, investments, and technologies are an integral part of the toolkit that governments and industry use to create economic and social benefits. Certain undertakings rely on a mixture of the activities described elsewhere in The Space Report, drawing together policy, space products,...

Products and Services About Space

Country: United States
Space has a unique ability to capture people’s imagination, whether it is based on a scientific curiosity, technological marvel, or even philosophical contemplation. Many products educate people about space, use space as a theme for games and other forms of entertainment, or do both at the same...

Astronaut Retinal Camera Finds Use In Earthbound Examinations

Country: United States
Provizion Optics developed a retinal camera attachment to be used by astronauts in orbit to study the effect of zero gravity on their eyes. Although originally designed for use in space, the device’s ability to go anywhere and send images to medical professionals located elsewhere made...

This Shoe Tracks You and then Phones Home

Country: United States
The Aetrex Navistar is a shoe that can be used to track patients with diseases such as Alzheimer’s or dementia who are at risk of wandering off and becoming lost. Using a GPS receiver and cellular transmitter located in the heel of the shoe, position information is transferred...

Curiosity's X-Ray Instruments Identify Earth Minerals

Country: United States
Since instruments developed for spaceflight often need to withstand harsh conditions and be small and lightweight, they can be used in new or enhanced applications on Earth. By the time the Curiosity rover landed on Mars in August 2012, one of its instruments had already...

NASA Refining Ultrasound for Athletic and Spinal Injuries

Country: United States
NASA’s Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound in Microgravity (ADUM) research team developed training modules and remote guidance techniques that would allow astronauts to perform accurate ultrasounds on patients after just minutes of training. This is particularly useful for astronauts on the ISS,...

NASA's Particle Detection Methods A Weapon Against Dirty Bombs

Country: United States
Scientists from the University of New Hampshire and the Michigan Aerospace Corporation have adapted space technology to detect radioactive and fissile materials that can be used in nuclear devices, including “dirty bombs,” which spread harmful radioactive material into the...

Beefing Up Military Satellite Communications

Country: India, United States
The U.S. Department of Defense launched its first Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) satellite in February 2012. With four more planned satellites, MUOS will provide global ultra-high-frequency (UHF) communications coverage, which has the advantage of being resistant to signal...

Making Afghan Communications A SNAP

Beginning in 2012, new satellite communications terminals are being deployed at Afghan National Police Training Centers. The new access points are able to provide both classified and unclassified network access, which increases operational security while conserving valuable secure...