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2013

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2013 - Perspective

Topic: Perspective
Country:
The evolution of the space sector is reflected in changes within the industry in response to new challenges and opportunities. As certain elements of the space economy become established economic goods, the ways customers buy—and companies sell—those space products and services evolves. As new...

Collaboration Between Space Agencies and the Public

Country:
The innovation that characterizes space programs and operations presents a complementary set of opportunities for space agencies: new ideas to solve complicated problems in space (spin-ons) and new ways to adapt space technologies for beneficial products and services for Earth...

Canada's Biopsy Robot

Country: Canada
Advances in robotics led by space programs are finding a wide array of uses in the medical field. In addition to the hospital QC Bot derived from the Mars rovers, a robot capable of performing biopsies for breast cancer has been developed and is entering clinical trials. Called the...

Helping the Lame to Walk: The X1 Exoskeleton

Country: United States
Robonaut 2, a humanoid robot on the ISS, has lent its technology to another NASA project: the X1 robotic exoskeleton. The 26-kilogram (57-pound) X1 attaches to both legs, with controls and a harness extending over the person’s back and shoulders. X1 has been developed by NASA and...

PUMA Tracks Progress of Pulmonary Disease Patient

Country: United States
The Portable Unit for Metabolic Analysis (PUMA) was invented at NASA Glenn Research Center to monitor an astronaut’s oxygen intake and carbon dioxide release, basic factors in astronaut health. This same technology is now being used to track the treatment progress of patients with...

Taking Red Helps with Cholesterol

To reduce the logistical requirements of a crew operating in space, a spacecraft must carry a precise combination of plants and microorganisms that efficiently recover oxygen, potable water, and nutritious food from waste products. An ESA experiment to study candidate microorganisms...

Using Earth Observation Data to Better Understand Zebra Migrations

Country: Botswana
Scientists have relied on ground observations, GNSS collars, and satellite images to track animal migration. These tools allow scientists to monitor migration, but not to predict where or when it will happen. To test the hypothesis that zebra migration in Botswana is dependent on the...

Imaging and Tracking Ship Movement

Country: United Kingdom
Ships are required to transmit information regarding their location through the Automatic Identification System (AIS), but this data can be falsified and the requirement is not universally enforced. Supplementing AIS data with visual satellite imagery can help security and...

French Internet for the Military--From Space

Country: France
National security has been a primary focus of government space activities for as long as the ability to build and operate satellites and other spacecraft has existed. Satellites can be used to generate detailed reconnaissance imagery and support communications with troops as they travel...

Russia's "In Earth" Asteroid

Country: Russia
A meteor explosion over the Russian city of Chelyabinsk in February brought the danger of near Earth asteroids to the forefront of planetary defense. The asteroid was undetected until it entered Earth’s atmosphere, resulting in 1,200 people injured and millions of dollars in damages...