Iran


2017 – U.S. Suborbital

Many countries and organizations have floated plans for human suborbital spaceflight. However, there are very few building suborbital launch vehicles for this purpose, and even fewer... Many countries and organizations…

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2014 – Iranian Suborbital

An example of a country using suborbital rockets for testing is Iran, which sent its second monkey into space in December 2013. Lifted aboard a Kavoshgar-e Pazhuhesh sounding rocket to an…

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2008 – Iranian Spaceports

Proposed SpaceportsLittle information is publicly available about Semnan Launch Site, 170 kilometers east of Tehran, which conducted Iran’s 2008 Kavoshgar (Explorer) suborbital rocket tests as well as its unsuccessful Safir…

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Other Orbital Launches

Interested in space launch vehicle activities from countries normally not associated with space? Please select the associated link to read about them.

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2009 – Iranian Government Space Budget

In early 2009, Iran achieved a major milestone by successfully orbiting an Iranian spacecraft, Omid (Hope), in low Earth orbit aboard an indigenously built Safir rocket. The Iranian Communications Minister…

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2014 – U.S. Suborbital

Private companies are developing suborbital reusable launch vehicles as well. Virgin Galactic flight-tested its SpaceShipTwo crewed suborbital vehicle in 2014. The second of the year’s powered test flights of SpaceShipTwo…

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2010 – Sounding Rockets

The category of uncrewed suborbital rockets is dominated by expendable sounding rockets. Suborbital sounding rockets are often a first step for a burgeoning space program. Payloads are almost exclusively scientific…

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