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Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Satellites

Chinese PNT Satellites (BeiDou)


Infrastructure: Spacecraft Overview – TSRQ2 2020

TSR20-Q2-Infrastructure Section examines global spacecraft/satellite operations conducted throughout the three space sectors, military, civil government, and commercial. This edition covers communication, PNT, and Earth observation/remote sensing satellites, along with major…

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Infrastructure: Spacecraft Overview – TSRQ1 2019

Infrastructure: Spacecraft Overview - TSRQ1 2019 examines global spacecraft/satellite operations conducted throughout the three space sectors, military, civil government, and commercial. This edition covers communication, PNT, and Earth observation/remote sensing…

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Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure – TSR 2018

Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure - TSR 2018 examines global human spaceflight operations to include both the Chinese and US space stations, launch vehicles from all spacefaring nations, communications satellite constellations, PNT…

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2017 – BeiDou – Snapshot

In 2017, China continued expanding its BeiDou constellation, the nation’s space-based PNT system. Launching two BeiDou satellites, the nation’s share increased to 26% of all PNT satellites. The 25 Chinese…

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Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure – TSR 2017

Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure - TSR 2017 examines global human spaceflight operations, launch vehicles from all spacefaring nations, communications satellite constellations, PNT satellites, Earth observation and remote sensing satellites, defense satellites,…

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2016 – BeiDou – Snapshot

China’s expansion of its positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) constellation, BeiDou, continued during 2016. The country’s share of the world’s orbiting operational PNT satellites increased to 23%, one percentage point…

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2014 – BeiDou

China was uncharacteristically inactive in terms of PNT satellite launches during 2013 and 2014. A new navigation test satellite the Chinese were expected to launch for phase 3 of the…

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2008 – BeiDou

China is planning to supplement its Compass Satellite network already in development. In April 2007, China launched BeiDou-2, the first MEO satellite for Compass. Plans have been announced for the…

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2012 – BeiDou

Since 2000, China has been building its own PNT system, known as BeiDou. In December 2011, the Chinese government announced that its initial services—location data and SMS messaging—commenced for users…

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