Government Space Budgets

United States Government Space Budget

Economy: U.S. Government Space Investment

The U.S. government increased spending on space activities in 2018. This spending represents a greater share of global space economy investment than any other nation. The U.S. government allocated the majority of funding to the Department of . . .

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2018 – U.S. National Security Space Budgets – Snapshot

Space technologies are a vital asset to the United States military across air, land, sea, and cyberspace. All four branches under the Department of Defense (DoD) – the Air Force (USAF), the Army (USA), the Navy (USN), and the Marine Corp (USMC) – have space assets. DoD agencies…

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2014 – U.S. National Security Space Budgets

The DoD’s space budget of $## billion, ##% of the total U.S. space budget, covers programs overseen by the military services and at least two major but clandestine organizations: the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) and National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). The very natures of the NRO and NGA allow the DoD to classify not just program details, but program budgets, making it difficult to know the share of the DoD’s budget each one receives. The top five unclassified military space programs funded in 2014 were the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV), Global Positioning System (GPS), Space Based Infrared System (SBIRS), Advanced EHF (AEHF), and Space Fence.

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2014 – U.S. Civil Space Budgets

Civil agencies received ##% of the total funds spent by the United States on space. NASA, which constitutes ##% of civil spending, received a ##% budget increase to $## billion in 2014. NOAA’s budget of nearly $## billion made it the next largest U.S. civil space organization on the 2014 budget list.

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2014 – United States Government Space Budget Overview

The 2014 U.S. space budget was substantially larger than that of any other country. The budget of $## billion was split among 11 agencies and departments, and the budgets allotted to each organization highlighted the priorities of U.S. policies and goals, with the Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA receiving a combined ##% of the budget. Even though NASA’s 2014 allocation experienced a higher growth rate, the DoD budget still exceeded that of NASA by ##%. The U.S. space budget was ##% of the total U.S. national budget in 2014.

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2015 – RDT&E and IR&D funding

Independent Research and Development (IR&D) refers to a contractor’s own investment in research and development studies into promising technologies of potential interest to government or commercial customers. Companies can recover a portion of these costs as overhead on current government contracts. In 2015, IR&D spending was estimated to be $## million. Government entities, including Air Force Space Command, engage with industry to provide information about government needs and strategic goals and to learn about industry research. To ensure better alignment between government needs and industry IR&D activities, the Pentagon announced a rule in 2015 requiring companies to brief the DoD before and after an IR&D project, beginning in FY 2017.

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