In 2007, nearly ## U.S. personnel were employed in the space industry. A 2008 U.S. government report estimated that approximately ## U.S. workers were indirectly employed in the provision of primary, secondary, and tertiary goods and services related to space.
The economic impacts and human capital effects of global space activity are mutually reinforcing. Worldwide space activity is a driver of industry and commerce, both in economic sectors with a primary space linkage and in secondary and tertiary supporting industries. As space-related economic activity stimulates economic growth, it employs individuals, shapes educational needs, and informs public policy priorities.
These statistics quantify the thousands of jobs nationwide that are supported by the U.S. space industry. Clearly, a strong space industry is beneficial to national, state, and local economies when measured by such objective indicators as employment and wages.
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There were ## individual establishments, or workplaces, engaged in space activities located throughout the United States in 2006. In fact, the number of space industry establishments nationwide has been increasing every year since 2003, rising by ##% during that period.
Along with growing space industry employment, the U.S. space industry workforce is well compensated. In 2006, the U.S. space industry paid an annual average wage of $## to its workers. This was more than double the private sector average wage of $## in 2006.
Space industry core employment totaled ## jobs in 2006, a substantial increase of nearly ## space industry jobs from 2003. That increase of nearly ##% in just three years outpaced the ##% increase from 2003 to 2006 in overall U.S. private sector employment.
The space industry sectors covered in this analysis are based on the U.S. government’s North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. For purposes of employment statistics, the space industry is comprised of companies that manufacture such products as radar systems, guided missiles and space vehicles, and space vehicle propulsion units, along with businesses that provide satellite telecommunications services.
According to the most recent study by the Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation, conducted in 2006, the estimated direct value of the goods and services produced by the U.S. commercial space transportation sector was approximately $## billion.
The U.S. space industry draws on the expertise of more than a quarter of a million Americans across the country who directly contribute to the economic health of the national economy, many state economies, and local communities.