2011


2011 – Europe Launch, Payload

Europe made progress in 2011 toward expanding its range of launch options. Europe conducted ## launches of its workhorse Ariane 5 rocket. ## of those were standard dual-payload commercial launches,…

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2011 – China Launch, Payload

China’s annual total of ## flights surpassed its previous record of ## launches set in 2010. Additionally, 2011 marked the first year that China conducted more orbital launches than the…

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2011 – Russia Launch, Payload

Russia entered 2011 in the midst of an investigation into the loss of a Proton rocket carrying three Russian government navigation satellites in December 2010. Russian space officials scrambled to…

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2011 – U.S. Launch, Payload

The United States continued to operate the world’s most diverse fleet of orbital launch vehicles in 2011. While its total of ## successful launches was not the world’s highest, it…

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2011 – Other Countries, Launch, Human

Other human spaceflight systems in development include Excalibur Almaz (EA), a private venture that plans to refurbish flight-proven Russian Almaz reusable space capsules and modules to transport astronauts and space…

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2011 – China Launch, Human

China is the only nation other than Russia to currently operate a human spaceflight system. In 2011, China placed its first modular space laboratory into orbit with the launch of…

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2011 – Russia Launch, Human

Russia’s ambitious plans to develop a new human-rated rocket system to eventually replace the Soyuz came to an official halt in October when Roscosmos, the Russian space agency, announced its…

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2011 – U.S. Launch, Human

The events of 2011 marked a transition in the U.S. human spaceflight program with the retirement of the Space Shuttle. In the near term, NASA will rely on Russia to…

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