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Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) Satellites

Russian PNT Satellites (GLONASS)


2009 – GLONASS

Russia’s GLONASS, like the U.S. system, is designed for both military and civilian use. In 2009, ## satellites were launched to expand the constellation to ## active satellites, although ##…

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2010 – GLONASS

Other nations are developing alternatives to GPS to stimulate innovation and provide new business opportunities. Russia’s GLONASS, like GPS, is designed for both military and civilian use. However, due in…

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2011 – GLONASS

A launch in October 2011 raised the number of operational satellites in Russia’s GLONASS system to ##, enabling full global coverage for the first time since the 1990s. GLONASS was…

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2012 – GLONASS

After a 15-year hiatus, Russia’s GLONASS PNT system returned to fully operational status in 2011, re-establishing full global coverage. The GLONASS constellation was started by the Soviet Union in 1982…

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2013 – GLONASS

The second global PNT system to become operational was Russia’s GLONASS constellation, which was started by the Soviet Union in 1976, and was briefly operational in 1996 after the deployment…

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Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure – TSR 2015

Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure - TSR 2015 examines global human spaceflight operations, launch vehicles from all spacefaring nations, communications satellite constellations, PNT satellites, Earth observation and remote sensing satellites, defense satellites,…

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Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure – TSR 2014

Infrastructure: Space Infrastructure - TSR 2014 examines global human spaceflight operations to include both the Chinese and US space stations, launch vehicles from all spacefaring nations, communications satellite constellations, PNT…

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