2009


2008 – Landers/Rovers

Some space systems are designed to operate on a surface other than Earth, such as an asteroid, a comet, the Moon, or another planet. Two well-known examples of these so-called…

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2009 – Other Technology Efforts

Eight scientific satellites were launched in 2009, including ESA’s Herschel and Planck observatories. The observatories will be used to study the evolution of distant stars, observe the cosmic background radiation…

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2009 – Landers/Rovers

Space surface systems are designed to operate on planets and other extraterrestrial bodies including the Moon, asteroids, and comets. Two well-known examples of these surface systems are the NASA Mars…

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2009 – Meteorology

NASA operates or participates in more than a dozen remote sensing satellites and international programs. The Jason satellite, a joint mission between France and the United States that follows the…

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2009 – Ground Networks

Ground stations are an essential but often overlooked segment of space infrastructure. Ground stations connect satellites to terrestrial networks and collect satellite information ranging from tracking and telemetry to imagery…

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2009 – Swedish Spaceports

Esrange, a small launch site located near Kiruna in northern Sweden, is expected to enter the suborbital human spaceflight market under the name Spaceport Sweden. The operators of the site…

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2009 – U.S. Spaceports

Groundbreaking for Spaceport America, located in southern New Mexico on the outskirts of the White Sands Missile Range, took place in June 2009. Construction began on its 3,000-meter (10,000-foot) main…

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2009 – Chinese Spaceports

The groundbreaking ceremony for the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, China’s newest spaceport, took place in September 2009. Wenchang is being constructed on the southern Chinese island of Hainan, affording China…

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2009 – Russian Spaceports

In October 2009 Russian officials confirmed Vostochny, located in Russia’s Far East region, as the site for a new spaceport, after several years of analysis of potential sites. The Russian…

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