From 2012 to 2021, as China’s space program has matured, it has traded dominance with the United States on annual orbital launch attempts.
From the days of Sputnik to SpaceX, this chart tracks launch attempts and successful launches.
The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) employed 1,558 people in 2020, approximately the same number as in 2019. Engineers and researchers account for 70.1% of this total.
The European space workforce included 50,388 workers in 2020, an increase of 3.3% from the 48,766 workers in 2019. The largest increases were seen in . . .
According to the Society of Japanese Aerospace Companies, the Japanese space workforce included 8,725 workers in 2019. . . More than 70% of these workers are in the space vehicle sector. While this sector decreased 1.9% from 2018 to 2019, it remains nearly 10% larger than it was five years ago.
Share of U.S. Government space spending in military and civil government domains, 2011-2020
Almost 44% of all U.S. space spending was allocated to NASA in 2020 — over $22.6 billion.184 This figure is a 5.3% increase over 2019 and a 22.8% increase over the preceding decade.
Notably, military space spending in 2020, estimated at US$31.4 billion, constituted the smallest share of global government space spending in a decade – only 35%. This figure marks a reduction from 2019, wherein the $34.6 billion spent globally constituted 38% of government space spending. U.S. military space spending increased by 6.1% in 2020, reaching a new height of $26.6 billion and comprising more than 80% of global military space spending for the first time since 2011.
The industry has been growing steadily since 2016, with employment increasing 15.4% over the last four years. These preliminary results suggest that the space industry has been relatively resilient to the effects of the global pandemic.
Non-U.S. military space was funded at less than half the level it had been in 2019, according to a country-level analysis of six nations spread across four continents: Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany, Japan, and Nigeria. This drop in investment suggests that, for many countries, military space takes a back seat to civil space ambitions and emergency relief for terrestrial disasters such as the coronavirus for many countries.