Japan


2007 – Space Stations

Funding for the largest in-space platform, the International Space Station (ISS), is included under the government budgets of ISS partners. NASA, the largest contributor to the ISS, budgeted $## billion for the ISS in 2007, but actual expenditures were not available due to delays in the congressional budget process.[

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2007 – Japanese Government Space Budget

Japan has the largest single country international budget, estimated at $## billion. It funds many of its programs through the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Exhibit 1v shows JAXA’s budget by program area. Japan also funds two major space programs outside of JAXA, the Quazi-Zenith Satellite System and the Information Gathering Satellite. Additionally, a number of ministries have space budgets of their own.

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Deep Space Probes from the Far East

In 2007, a number of robotic probes and planetary landers were launched as several nations developed their space exploration programs. Among these launches were the first lunar orbiters from Japan and China.

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2006 – Space Industry Demographics – Snapshot

Although new hiring statistics are not uniformly available for other major civil space programs or international companies, steady growth in the global space industry over the past five years suggests that demand for skilled S&E workers with space-relevant skills exists around the world.

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2005 – Space Products and Services Overview

We have characterized space products and services as directly enabled by space infrastructure and intended to be in the space environment or directly interacting with the space environment.
The year 2005 saw growth in subscribers and offerings for mobile satellite services, launches of probes to explore Mars and Venus, a probe landing on Saturn’s moon Titan, and growth in commercial space transportation services.

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2005 – ISS

The largest in-space platform ever constructed is the International Space Station (ISS). “Led by the United States, the ISS draws upon the scientific and technological resources of 16 nations: Canada, Japan, Russia, 11 nations of the European Space Agency [Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom], and Brazil,” according to NASA.

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2005 – QZSS

Japan is developing the Quasi-Zenith system, a regional augmentation of the GPS signal, with a 2008 planned launch.

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