2011


2011 – U.S.: SBSS

In 2010, the United States launched the first Space Based Space Surveillance satellite (SBSS-1) for its Space Surveillance Network. From its LEO orbit, SBSS-1 supplements ground-based equipment that tracks more…

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2011 – ESA: SSA

ESA also maintains a space situational awareness program with increasing support from its member nations. Numerous close encounters between orbital debris and Germany’s five SAR-Lupe radar reconnaissance satellites and an urgent…

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2011 – U.S. Space Surveillance Network

A series of SSN upgrades are underway. In 2011, a DARPA-funded space surveillance telescope underwent testing. After nine years of development, the new telescope, located at White Sands Missile Range,…

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2011 – Ground Networks

Earth observation satellites produce the largest amounts of data to be transmitted to Earth on a regular basis and thus require dedicated data processing ground stations. While all satellites require…

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2011 – European Spaceports

Two major developments were underway in 2011 at the European spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana, in addition to the usual launches of Europe’s Ariane 5 rocket. Efforts to enable the…

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2011 – Japanese Spaceports

Japan’s two launch sites, the Tanegashima Space Center and Uchinoura Space Center, benefited from the lifting of a ban designed to prevent disruptions to the fishing industry. These coastal launch…

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2011 – Brazilian Spaceports

After several years of low activity, Brazil pledged in late 2011 to more than double its space budget for the years 2012-2015 with the aim of revitalizing the facilities at…

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2011 – Indian Spaceports

The Satish Dhawan Space Centre, located on the east coast of India, is expanding to provide greater flexibility and permit a higher launch rate while supporting the launch of India’s…

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2011 – Chinese Spaceports

Construction continued at China’s new Wenchang launch facility throughout 2011, and the spaceport’s planned completion date has remained fixed for 2013. Little new information was released regarding Wenchang in 2011.…

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