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2015


2015 – Commercial Human Spaceflight

In 2015, NASA put in orders with both SpaceX and Boeing to conduct their first operational commercial crew rotation missions under the Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap) Program. The first operational flights would take place in late 2017, following the companies’ completion of NASA human spaceflight certification milestones, including crewed test flights to take place earlier in 2017.

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2015 – Ground Stations and Equipment

The ground stations and equipment category is the largest part of the commercial infrastructure and support industries sector. Totaling $## billion, it made up ##% of this sector in 2015.

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2015 – Space Stations

For fiscal year (FY) 2015, NASA spent $## billion on ISS systems operations and research, a decrease of $## million from the $## billion spent in FY 2014. ISS Crew and Cargo Transportation increased by $## million from $## billion in FY 2014 to $## billion in FY 2015. Funding for the commercial crew program is separate from this total, with $## million in FY 2015, an increase of ##% compared to the $## million allocated in FY 2014. The total cost to the United States of constructing the ISS has been estimated at about $## billion, occurring over 14 years.

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2015 – Satellite Manufacturing

Aboard the ## rockets that attempted a launch in 2015, there were ## spacecraft, down ##% from ## in 2014. Of the spacecraft intended for orbit in 2015, ## were nanosatellites weighing less than 10 kilograms (22 pounds), a type of satellite whose numbers have increased in recent years. The rise of nanosatellites has led to a doubling of the number of satellites deployed each year. In the decade from 2006–2015, the first seven years saw between ## and ## satellites launched to orbit each year.

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2015 – Launch Industry

Attempted orbital launches decreased from ## in 2014 to ## in 2015.  Of these ## launches, ## successfully reached orbit. There were ## launch attempts for commercial payloads and the other ## were for government payloads. Eurospace, the European space industry association, estimates that the global market value for orbital launches in 2015 was $## billion, essentially the same as the 2014 value of $## billion.

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2014 – Space Products and Services Overview

People recognize the benefits of space products and services, using creativity to overcome daily existential challenges and improve lives. The space products and services industry crosses the spectrum of demands and necessities, and continued to grow in 2014, sometimes leveraging the same kind of technology to help with different challenges.

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2015 – Japan Launch, Payload

Japan’s number of SLVs launched during 2015 equaled their 2014 efforts. The country’s 2015 share of global orbital space launches grew, but only because the total number of SLVs launched globally during 2015 declined. The ## SLVs launched during 2015 from Japan helped the nation to maintain a share of nearly ##% of global launches.

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2015 – European Spaceports – Snapshot

ESA conducts orbital space launches from its only spaceport: Guiana Space Center in Kourou, French Guiana. Guiana Space Center launches the Soyuz, Ariane 5, and Vega space launch vehicles. The European spaceport is one of the closest active spaceports to the Earth’s equator.

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2015 – Russia Launch, Payload

Russia remained the world’s leader in number of launches provided during 2015, taking slightly more than ##% of the global orbital launch market for the year. This position was earned even though the nation’s launch rate fell by ##% to ## launches in 2015, down from ## launches during both 2013 and 2014. While Russia’s launch rate fell in 2015, Russia’s space launch system reliability fell slightly as well. Nearly ##% of Russia’s ## launch attempts for the year were partial or total failures.

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