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2013


2013 – Chinese Government Space Budget

Officially, the China National Space Administration (CNSA) sets overall guidance and policy for the entire space program. However, the CNSA is not the executing agency for China’s space program, nor…

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2013 – Canadian Government Space Budget

The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) received an FY 2013 budget appropriation of C$## million (US$## million). This figure included Canada’s planned C$## million (US$## million) FY 2013 contribution to the…

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2013 – Brazilian Government Space Budget

Brazil’s 2013 Federal Budget authorized ## million reais (US$## million) in funding for civil space activities. This represents a decrease of ##% from the implemented budget for civil space activities…

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2013 – U.S. National Security Space Budgets

Global military space spending is significant, but difficult to quantify, as many countries do not substantially distinguish between military and civil space programs. Also, information on many aspects of military…

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2013 – U.S. Civil Space Budgets

The U.S. government operated in a constrained fiscal environment in FY 2013, culminating in a 16-day partial shutdown of the federal government at the onset of FY 2014, due to…

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2013 – Degrees Awarded

Focusing on the United States also makes it possible to look at data at a finer level of detail: aeronautical and astronautical engineering (aerospace engineering) degree attainment. Although the space…

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2013 – Demographics

In the United States, the number of STEM graduates has been growing at all degree attainment levels. Bachelor’s degrees grew ##% from 2000 to 2010, while master’s and doctoral degrees…

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2013 – Degrees Awarded

The number of STEM first-degree (bachelor’s equivalent) graduates in many space-relevant countries has increased in recent years. The disciplines included here are physical, biological, and computer science; engineering; and mathematics.…

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2013 – Demographics

Science and engineering courses offered at the secondary school level are important for preparing students to pursue STEM degrees. Not only may students with more exposure be more likely to…

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