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Mars Missions: The Breakdown from 1960-2021

The first attempts to reach Mars began more than 60 years ago, when the former Soviet Union launched two probes to Mars. Both failed to reach Earth orbit. The success of China’s Tianwen-1 and the United Arab Emirates’ Hope orbiter in February, along with the success of the United States’ Perseverance mission, means more nations…

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Space Force: Mission Moves Forward as New Branch Begins Second Year

Within the last two months, the U.S. Space Force (USSF) has marked its first anniversary and secured a public affirmation from President Biden’s administration that the nation’s newest military branch will endure, allowing Space Force leadership to confidently move forward with their mission. From the outset, the U.S. Space Force had a daunting charge: Assume…

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2020 in Launches: Successes, Failures, and Everything in Between

Here’s a snapshot from the upcoming Q4 edition of The Space Report 2020, which will be released within the month. Major launch trends for 2020: Despite the pandemic-related halts in space operations, all countries and cooperative bodies with dedicated active orbital launch vehicles conducted launch activities in 2020. The number of launches conducted annually has…

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NASA Lunar Spending Grows as Moon Missions Near

In 2020 alone, NASA and its international partner, the European Space Agency, approved contracts with maximum values worth more than $11.5 billion for landers, crew transport, space modules and scientific equipment in preparation for the Artemis mission. By the end of 2021, nine countries expect to have landers or rovers exploring for ice and water,…

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LEO Constellation Deployments Up 477% from 2019-2020

Driven by the pace of SpaceX and OneWeb as the two companies build out their low Earth orbit (LEO) broadband constellation networks, communications satellite deployments in 2020 climbed 477% from 2019. Thousands more satellites will join SpaceX and OneWeb as these companies and their competitors carry out their plans. One LEO broadband operator is already…

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Nation in Review: Germany

Nation in Review: German Space Economy German domestic space spending in 2019 increased by over 30% from 2018, reaching €1.3 billion ($1.529 billion). Contributions to ESA increased 3.6% to €944 billion ($1.097 billion) over that same period. Germany’s overall space spending has increased by 56% since 2009’s €1.45 billion ($1.7 billion) in annual spending. That…

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