Kazakhstan


2010 – Russian Spaceports

The Russian space program has continued to use the main Soviet launch site at Baikonur in Kazakhstan since the end of the Cold War. Russia has extended its lease of…

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2010 – Spaceports Overview

Launch sites, commonly called spaceports, host the launches of orbital and suborbital vehicles and, in some cases, the return of spacecraft from space. Spaceports take many forms, from sprawling, dedicated…

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2011 – Russian Spaceports

After several years of delays and false starts, Russia began construction of the Vostochny Cosmodrome in the Russian Far East in January 2011. During the year, workers completed geological surveys…

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2011 – Spaceports Overview

Spaceport infrastructure in the United States is in transition as NASA makes changes at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida to accommodate new launch systems in the post-shuttle era. Construction…

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2012 – Russian Spaceports

Russia operates orbital flights from two main spaceports, Baikonur and Plesetsk, and is in the process of building a new spaceport. Baikonur is by far the most important Russian spaceport,…

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2012 – Spaceports Overview

Spaceports support the preparation and operation of launch vehicles, and in some cases, act as a gateway to space for the private citizens who dream of going there. Some spaceports…

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2013 – Russian Spaceports

Baikonur Cosmodrome was Russia’s first spaceport, beginning operations in 1957. It is also the largest spaceport in the world in terms of area, and it is the world’s busiest spaceport…

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2012 – Russian Government Space Budget

In calendar year 2012, the planned budget for Roscosmos, the Russian Federal Space Agency, was ## billion rubles (US$## billion). This was an increase of 30.43% from the previous year’s budget…

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2013 – Additional Country Space Budgets

Around the globe, many smaller nations—whether in terms of economy or population size—are investing in space projects or programs. Exhibit 2cc shows the most recent available yearly budget for civil…

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