Japanese orbital launch attempts set a new launch record for the nation in 2017. Japan attempted ## SLV launches, growing the nation’s global orbital launch activity share from…
The orbital space launch industry continued to evolve during 2017. The overall 2017 global launch attempt number, ##, nearly matched the global space launch industry’s…
This interactive exhibit shows the world’s active spaceports for the year.
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Space launch vehicles and their payloads are prepared and subsequently launched or deployed from facilities called spaceports. The scale of spaceports varies widely, whether measuring the area they cover or the activities they host.
Iran made another tentative foray into the global launch family during 2015. The country’s attempt gave it a ##% share of orbital SLVs launched globally. In 2015, ## Safir rocket was launched out of Semnan, Iran. ## lofted ## Earth observation satellite into orbit.
The table below shows each spacefaring nation’s space launch vehicle platforms active in the current year. Launch tracking and launch system information relies on various primary and government sources. The current year’s launch reliability shows the number of successful launches over the number of total launches for the year.
China’s most recent human mission to space was in June 2013, when three taikonauts docked a capsule with the Tiangong-1 space station. Since then, China has announced plans to launch a second space station, Tiangong-2, to replace Tiangong-1. The Chinese government continued assembling and testing Tiangong-2 in 2015, intending to launch it into orbit sometime in 2016. A subsequent crewed mission, Shenzhou-11, would be launched later in 2016. The crew will dock with the Tiangong-2 and may stay in the space station as long as a month.
In 2015, Russia continued to be the only nation flying humans into space since June 2013. The Russian Soyuz capsule was conceived, designed, and first launched nearly five decades prior to 2015. The Soyuz space launch vehicle that boosted the Soyuz capsule into space has an even longer heritage. The first of its family launched as the world’s first intercontinental ballistic missile, and a succeeding generation launched Sputnik, the world’s first satellite. Capsule and launch vehicle continued to be modified over the years, enabling them to remain in service.