South Korea


2012 – Demographics

Considering the number of doctoral degrees earned in science and engineering, the European Union has the greatest proportion, followed by China and the United States. As with first university degrees, China has been rapidly increasing the number of doctoral science and engineering degrees granted since the early 2000s.

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2012 – Demographics

Universities in the United States attract a large number of foreign students. The largest proportion of these students comes from China, followed by South Korea and India. Retaining these highly trained graduates is important, particularly at a time when global competition for this talent is increasing. . .

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2012 – Top-level Trends

Science and engineering education provides the advanced skills required for a competitive space workforce. It also cultivates the expertise needed for research and innovation. Understanding trends in the production of highly skilled scientists and engineers can provide an indication of long-term prospects for the space workforce.

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2012 – Other Space Employment

There are more than 50 countries with space programs in all regions of the world. Although it is not possible to get detailed statistics on many of these groups from year to year, it is possible to gather estimates that give some indication of overall size. Exhibit 4w provides estimates of the size of the space workforce in a variety of national space agencies.

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2012 – Other Countries, Launch, Payload

In 2012, several smaller countries and organizations demonstrated their ability, or at least ambitions, to conduct an orbital space launch. The privately held Sea Launch company, which focuses on deploying commercial communications satellites to geosynchronous orbit (GEO), declared bankruptcy in 2010.

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Economy: Space Economy – TSR 2012

Economy: Space Economy - TSR 2012 an annual review of the commercial space infrastructure and support industries and space-based products and services used on Earth. This edition also delves into the…

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2011 – Government Space Budgets Overview Snapshot

Overall government investment in space remains strong and growing, although the effect of smaller budgets is being seen in some places, including the United States, where 2011 government space spending was below the 2010 level. While the United States remains responsible for ##% of global government space spending, other governments appropriate significant amounts. Some, such as Brazil, Israel, and Russia, are on the cusp or in the midst of major increases in government space appropriations. Government space programs accounted for approximately $## billion in spending during 2011, which represents ##% of the total global space economy.

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2011 – South Korean Government Space Budget – Snapshot

In calendar year 2011, South Korea spent an estimated ## billion won (US$## million) on civil space, a ##% decrease from the 2010 budget of ## billion won (US$## million). South Korea’s 2011 civil space spending constituted approximately ##% of the country’s ## trillion won (US$## billion) national budget. Civil space activities in South Korea are carried out primarily by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI).

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